Quite a few years ago, I installed a stone walkway in my sideyard. It was an ambitious project for me. I had never attempted to build stone walkways before but I wanted to create a small, sideyard oasis to sit on a bench and enjoy watching the birds & the bees going about their business.
I did some research and also talked to the folks at Earth Products to help me through the process. I took their advice, combined that with our ideas and made the natural stone walkway that we had envisioned.
I’ve learned a few things about building stone walkways since then and thought I could share that knowledge to help you with your stone walkway project.
I knew that installing the stone walkway was going to be a pain in the bum to build for a couple of different reasons:
- It was August here in Georgia which meant that working conditions were not optimal. That equates to HEAT, HUMIDITY and MOSQUITOS.
- Rocks are heavy and I’m not, so it was going to be strenuous work and I needed to remind myself to use leverage (handtruck and giant crow bar) at every opportunity when moving the rocks.
DIY: How To Build Stone Walkways
- crushed stone
- granite gravel
- stepping stones of your choice
- edging (steel or plastic) and stakes
- chalk spray
- 5 lb. sledgehammer
- water hose
- flat head shovel
- measuring tape
There are several considerations to decide on before you begin. Take an old garden hose and use it to outline the walkway. When you’re happy with the direction and flow, grab a can of eco-friendly landscape chalk marking paint and make your mark of the outline of the walkway.
You need to take into account if the pathway is meant for two people to walk side-by-side or simply as a single-file access path. My walkway was a single-file access path.
A single file walkway with crushed stone surrounding the stepping stones should be approximately 30″- 38″ wide. The width is really up to you, so make it as wide, or narrow, as you like. A side-by-side walkway will by a few inches wider.
How Much Material Do I Need For My Walkway?
- Decide on which type of stepping stones you want and how close together you want to place them.
- Use this calculator to estimate how much material you will need for your stone walkway project.
I purchased all of my materials and had them delivered. Most suppliers will offer delivery for a nominal fee. It’s worth the fee to avoid the trouble of hauling it yourself unless you have the necessary vehicles.
Grab your flathead shovel and remove 4″-5″ of sod and dirt within your marks. Pound it flat with the shovel or tamp it down with a tamping tool, if necessary. You can rent a tamping tool for the day.
After you’ve removed all of the sod, install your steel or plastic edging. This will keep your stones in place and keep the soil from seeping into your walkway.
How To Cut and Trim Your Walkway Stones
There are a couple of schools of thought in order to break the stone to your dimensions. Trust me. You will have to break a few stones to make them fit. I had some very large pieces that I got 2-3 stones out of simply by intentionally breaking them for a custom fit.
I used a stone chisel, a 5-lb. sledge and a clawhammer to do my dirty work (you can use nothing but a clawhammer to do the job, as in the video below). Decide what the top side of the stone will be and turn it over. Take the chisel and scribe a line where you want it to break. Begin by pounding the sledgehammer along the line towards the center of the stone. Work your way outward with increasing blows.
Avoid starting on the edges or you may find yourself with a stone broken in the wrong places.
“Listen” to the stone. Once it breaks, trim it up using the edge of the hammerhead. Lay all of your stones out to determine the proper placement. Walk the path a few times at a leisurely gait to place them exactly where you want them. You’ll need to do this as you build the path, as well.
Laying Your Stone Walkway
Spread an even 2″ layer of granite gravel throughout the walkway. Now load your wheelbarrow with crushed granite stone base and add some water to make a slurry. Adding water to make the slurry was a trick I learned from Ask This Old House. Working with one rock at a time, carefully place a few shovel loads of the slurry on top of the gravel in approximately the same shape as the rock you intend to place on the gravel.
The slurry allows you to pound the rock “level” with a rubber mallet. This will allow the rock to make contact with the entire underside for a firm base to step upon without tipping.
Add the gravel to just below the top surface of the stepping stones after every couple of stones that are placed. This will lock each rock into position.
Don’t forget to level the rocks, if desired.
Repeat all of the above steps to complete the walkway.
Spray the entire walkway with a hose to settle all of the gravel and crushed stone.
What I Would Have Done Differently With The Knowledge I Have Today
- Add water to the gravel dust to make a slurry.
- Used more stepping stones. I had plenty of material remaining.
- Start and finish the project in cooler weather to avoid the heat and mosquitos.
Enjoy your walkway!